In the 1952 U.S. presidential election, Republican candidate Dwight D. Eisenhower sharply criticized President Harry S. Truman`s behavior in the war. After his victory, Eisenhower kept his promise to “go to Korea.” His journey convinced him that something new was needed to break the diplomatic blockade in the peace talks that had begun in July 1951. Eisenhower has publicly hinted that the United States could use its nuclear arsenal to break the military deadlock in Korea. It allowed the Chinese nationalist government over Taiwan to harass airstrikes on mainland China. The president also pressured his South Korean ally to abandon some of his demands in order to speed up the peace process. On 28 April 1994, North Korea announced that it would cease to participate in the Military Ceasefire Commission, but would maintain its contacts in Panmunjom through liaison officers and maintain the general conditions of the ceasefire. North Korea said it believed the U.S. use of patriotic missiles in South Korea was over.   Whether or not Eisenhower`s threats helped with nuclear attacks until July 1953, all parties involved in the conflict were ready to sign an agreement to end the bloodshed. The ceasefire signed on 27 July established a committee of representatives of neutral countries to decide the fate of thousands of prisoners of war on both sides.
Eventually, it was decided that prisoners of war could choose their one-year destiny – stay where they were, or return home. A new border has been drawn between North and South Korea, giving additional territory to South Korea and demilitarizing the area between the two nations. The war claimed the lives of millions of Koreans and Chinese, as well as more than 50,000 Americans. It had been a frustrating war for the Americans, accustomed to forcing the unconditional surrender of their enemies. Many also did not understand why the United States had not extended the war to China or had used its nuclear arsenal. However, as government officials were well aware, such actions would probably have triggered the Third World War. The joint statement also includes Trump`s commitment to provide security guarantees to North Korea and that there will then be follow-up negotiations between Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and an unspecogened senior North Korean official.  While discussing a possible ceasefire agreement, the President of the Republic of Korea (ROK, South Korea) Syngman Rhee spoke out against peace talks in late May and early June 1951. He believed that the ROK should continue to expand its army to march to the Yalu River and completely unify the nation.  UNC did not support Rhee`s position.  Even without UNC support, Rhee and the South Korean government attempted to mobilize public opinion to oppose any cessation of fighting just before the Yalu River.
 Other ROK officials supported Rhee`s ambitions and the National Assembly of South Korea unanimously adopted a resolution calling for the continuation of the fight for “an independent and united country”. However, at the end of June, the Assembly decided to support the ceasefire talks, although President Rhee continues to oppose them.  The persistent point of disagreement during the ceasefire was whether prisoners of war should be mandated or whether they should be given the opportunity to return to their country of origin.